2012年6月25日 星期一

【技藝101】剪黏


廟頂上的剪貼大師 陳三火傳絕藝

廟頂的裝飾是用交趾陶或是剪黏,內容有人物祥獸,剪黏是用玻璃,瓷器,靠著師傅的經驗,剪出造型,非常具有古樸之意,在台南的剪黏大師陳三火,為了讓這技藝可以保存下去,把剪黏運用在創作上,完成了一尊尊讓人嘆為觀止的剪黏藝術。(2012-06-25 公視中晝新聞,發佈日期:2012-06-24,發佈者: PNNPTS)

編輯 / 余榮宗、黃能揚、李江却台語文教基金會 陳豐惠 劉承賢



咱命中當時仔有欲參剪黏食這途飯ê款(老工藝 新生命)寒佇厝頂啦honnh,熱佇厝頂啦honnh
Lán miā-tiong tang-sî-á ū beh tsham tsián-liâm tsia̍h tsit-tôo pn̄g ê khuán.
Kuânn tī tshù-tíng lah honnh, jua̍h tī tshù-tíng lah honnh.


ns攏愛peh啦,空氣較好啦,恁一寡空氣攏hōo我先欶去呢
Lóng ài peh lah, khong-khì khah hó lah, lín tsi̍t-kuá khong-khì lóng hōo guá sing suh--khì neh.

Os頭殼頂戴一粒日頭赤焱焱,剪黏師傅陳三火當咧kā廟寺裝修,17歲就綴阿兄學剪黏,百外間宮廟行透透,學習ê鹹酸苦汫,這馬想起來,顛倒對阿兄教hiah嚴感覺誠感心。

Thâu-khak-tíng tì tsi̍t lia̍p ji̍t-thâu tshiah-iānn-iānn, tsián-liâm sai-hū Tân Sam-hué tng teh kā biō-sī tsng-siu, tsa̍p-tshit huè tō tuè a-hiann o̍h tsián-liâm, pah-guā king kiong-biō kiânn-thàu-thàu, ha̍k-si̍p ê kiâm-sng khóo-tsiánn, tsit-má siūnn--khí-lâi, tian-tò tuì a-hiann kà hiah giâm kám-kak tsiânn kám-sim.

仝款一項物件,咱就做比彼个師細較好矣honnh,伊嘛是欲愛罵咱,在彼个時陣ê心態是感覺足㤉潲ê喔,但是這陣真感激

Kāng-khuán tsi̍t hāng mi̍h-kiānn, lán tō tsò pí hit-ê sai-sè khah hó--ah honnh, i mā sī beh ài mā--lán, tsāi hit-ê sî-tsūn ê sim-thài sī kám-kak tsiok gê-siâu-ê-ooh, tān-sī tsit-tsūn tsin kam-kik.

Os「剪黏」嘛號做「剪花」,明朝ê時就有ah,是結合搦塗,剪裁,用鑲--ê、用入--ê等等技法ê工藝,佇廟寺ê中脊,厝蓋、照壁做裝thānn,是藝術成就誠懸ê傳統產業,毋過因為時代變遷,要求速度,這馬大部份攏工場咧生產

“Tsián-liâm” mā hō-tsò “tsián-hue”, Bîng-tiâu ê sî tō ū--ah, sī kiat-ha̍p tshio̍k-thôo, tsián-tshâi, īng siunn--ê, īng ji̍p--ê tíng-tíng ki-huat ê kang-gē, tī biō-sī ê tiong-tsit, tshù-kuà, tsiò-piah tsò tsng-thānn, sī gē-su̍t sîng-tsiū tsiânn kuân ê thuân-thóng sán-gia̍p, m̄-koh in-uī sî-tāi piàn-tshian, iau-kiû sok-tōo, tsit-má tuā-pōo-hūn lóng kang-tiûnn teh sing-sán.

這一間廟較濟錢嘛是這身尪仔,啊較少錢嘛是這身尪仔,致使一寡剪黏技術honnh tsua̋nn強欲失傳去啊啦
Tsit tsi̍t king biō khah tsē tsînn mā sī tsit sian ang-á, ah khah tsió tsînn mā sī tsit sian ang-á, tì-sú tsi̍t-kuá tsián-liâm ki-su̍t honnh tsua̋nn kiōng-beh sit-thuân--khì-ah-lah.

ns敲破

Os傳統技藝落坐,hōo火師思考,應該kā歷史留一寡紀錄,拄好有一擺機會,利用廟裡擲㧒捔ê花矸,做出伊第一个創作「達摩」,伊ê創作之路對按呢開始。

Thuân-thóng gi-gē lo̍h-tshē, hōo Hué-sai su-khó, ing-kai kā li̍k-sú lâu tsi̍t-kuá kì-lio̍k, tú-hó ū tsi̍t-pái ki-huē, lī-iōng biō--lí tàn-hiat-ka̍k ê hue-kan, tsò tshut i tē-it-ê tsòng-tsok “Ta̍t-môo”, i ê tshòng-tsok tsi lōo tuì án-ne khai-sí.

步驟(粗坯 剪黏 修整)

你若無彼个使命啊嘛無興趣啦honnh,是會艱苦,啥物物件攏以隨緣ê心態落去kā創作,莫刁工去kā強求
Lí nā bô hit-ê sú-bīng ah mā bô hìng-tshù lah--honnh, sī ē kan-khóo, siánn-mih mi̍h-kiānn lóng í suî-iân ê sim-thài lo̍h-khì kā tshòng-tsok, mài tiau-kang khì kā kiông-kiû.

Os隨緣ê態度,堅定ê信念,加上伊獨創ê「自然摔破走揣元件」ê技法,徹底利用回收ê素材,作品對傳統平面轉變做閣較有靈性,有質感ê立體剪黏,啊毋過咧轉型ê過程,嘛是會拄著阻礙。

Suî-iân ê thāi-tōo, kian-tīng ê sìn-liām, ka-siōng i to̍k-tshòng ê “tsū-jiân siak-phuà tsáu-tshuē guân-kiānn” ê ki-huat, thiat-té lī-iōng huê-siu ê sòo-tsâi, tsok-phín mā tuì thuân-thóng pênn-bīn tsuán-piàn tsò koh-khah ū lîng-sìng, ū tsit-kám ê li̍p-thé tsián-liâm, ah m̄-koh teh tsuán-hîng ê kuè-tîng, mā sī ē tú-tio̍h tsóo-gāi.

啊這个花矸欲擲㧒捔ê,火師你kā做寶咧抾,我講第一點糞埽變黃金,今仔日欲擲㧒捔ê物件就是糞埽,我有法度將這个糞埽kā變黃金倒轉來,做一件誠媠ê藝術品

Ah tsit-ê hue-kan beh tàn-hiat-ka̍k--ê, Hué-sai lí kā tsò pó teh khioh, guá kóng tē-it tiám pùn-sò piàn n̂g-kim, kin-á-ji̍t beh tàn-hiat-ka̍k ê mi̍h-kiānn tō sī pùn-sò, guá ū huat-tōo tsiong tsit-ê pùn-sò kā piàn n̂g-kim tò-tńg--lâi, tsò tsi̍t kiānn tsiânn suí ê gē-su̍t-phín.

Os以早是為著顧腹肚,滿足廟方ê要求,剪黏藝術ê媠沓沓仔流去,這馬ê火師,kā傳承當做是使命,歹去ê閣hōo活過來,為老工藝揣著新ê性命。

Í-tsá sī uī-tio̍h kòo pak-tóo, buán-tsok biō-hong ê iau-kiû, tsián-liâm gē-su̍t ê suí ta̍uh-ta̍uh-á lâu--khì, tsit-má ê Hué-sai, kā thuân-sîng tòng-tsò sī sú-bīng, pháinn--khì-ê koh hōo ua̍h--kuè-lâi, uī lāu-kang-gē tshuē-tio̍h sin ê sìnn-miā.

記者 余榮宗 台南報導
Kì-tsiá Î Îng-tsong Tâi-lâm pò-tō.

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